Parish Bulletin – 3rd Sunday of Lent – 7 March 2021
Masses for the Week of 9 March to 14 March
TUESDAY: 10 AM In Thanksgiving – A Parishioner
WEDNESDAY:** 10 AM Iona Morris – Merle Smith
THURSDAY: 10 AM Brandon Perrault – Kenny & Mary Meehan
FRIDAY:*** 10 AM Special Intentions of Kenny Bresseau & Family – Genevieve Bresseau
SATURDAY 5 PM (SH) John (Jack) Jennings – Helen & Maureen Morris
SUNDAY 9 AM (SJ) Faye Neville – Cheryl Bredlaw
10:30 AM (CH) Robert Chartrand – Ruth Doran
Deceased Parents and Family of Françoise & Pierre Vaillancourt – Françoise & Pierre Vaillancourt
All weekday Masses are celebrated in St. Joseph’s Church.
** Includes public recitation of the Rosary
*** Includes public recitation of the Chaplet of Divine Mercy
GREAT NEWS! Effective Monday March 8th, the government will permit up to 100 people to attend religious services so long as the requirements of social distancing, masks, etc. are maintained. Thus we can now accommodate 100 people in Chapeau, 75 people in St. Joseph’s, and 40 people in Sheenboro while respecting these obligations. We are still obliged to take names of those who attend in case contact tracing is required should someone who contracts the COVID virus attends and exposes fellow Mass goers. You can either call in advance to have your name put on the list or give it at the door when you show up for Mass. I eagerly look forward to seeing as many as possible in Church once again!
1) Tax receipts for 2020 donations (excluding the online donations which produce receipt at time of donation) are available in the Churches now that the government has allowed us to reopen our offices for business. We thank you for your patience.
2) We have begun our Tuesday evening sessions on Zoom at 7 pm. as we work our way through Learning to Pray: A Guide for Everyone by Fr. James Martin, s.j. It can be purchased online from Amazon.ca or Chapters.ca in either a hardcover or ebook version, or it can be ordered through the bookstore in the Pembroke Mall. If you are interested in joining in, please call or email me at firstname.lastname@example.org and I will send you a link to be able to join in the discussion. Learning to Pray is accessible for even novices to prayer to grasp and will undoubtably help you to deepen your prayer relationship with God. The author, Fr. Jim has even offered to ‘pop in’ for a visit during one of our sessions to answer questions so I hope that many folks will take advantage of this opportunity to join the group.
3) Chapeau CWL News: CWL membership fees ($20) are due early in the new year. Kindly use the envelope in your box or a regular one with your name on it and marked “CWL Fees”. It can be put in the collection basket if you are attending church during these “different times” or given to a member (Gail, Pauline, Janie). Thank you in advance for doing so whenever possible. Stay well and stay safe!
4) The Stations of the Cross: Will be celebrated each Friday during Lent in St. Alphonsus Church at 7 pm. Our thanks go out to Michael Mainville who has accepted to lead this devotion for the community.
5) Wondering about whether or not the vaccines being offered to protect people from the COVID virus is ethical for Catholics to receive? Here’s a great summary explaining why the answer to that question is a resounding YES!
Statement from Pro-Life Catholic Scholars on the
Moral Acceptability of Receiving COVID-19 Vaccines
The past year of suffering under the onslaught of COVID-19 has brought with it numerous ethical questions, and the advent of effective vaccines for COVID is no different. Foremost among the questions for those of us who are committed to defending the intrinsic equal dignity of all human beings from conception to natural death are these: in accepting any of the vaccines on offer, is one in any way endorsing or contributing to the practice of abortion, or is one in any way showing disrespect for the remains of an unborn human being? As to the vaccines currently or soon available in the United States (and Canada), we agree with Bishop Kevin Rhoades, Chairman of the USCCB Committee on Doctrine, that the answer is no. While there is a technical causal linkage between each of the current vaccines and prior abortions of human persons, we are all agreed, that connection does not mean that vaccine use contributes to the evil of abortion or shows disrespect for the remains of unborn human beings. Accordingly, Catholics, and indeed, all persons of good will who embrace a culture of life for the whole human family, born and unborn, can use these vaccines without fear of moral culpability.
Common to the four major vaccines, produced by Moderna, Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, and AstraZeneca is some use of “immortalized” human cell lines. Ordinarily, cells taken from a body have a limited life span, undergoing only a fixed number of cell divisions before they arrest and die. For ongoing research, scientists prefer to use a “cell line,” or a population of cells derived from a single source that has been modified (typically by some form of genetic mutation) to divide indefinitely in culture. Such “immortalized” cell lines allow scientists to conduct many experiments on cells that are both genetically identical and routinely available in the laboratory.
HEK293 is one such commonly used line. The name “HEK” stands for “human embryonic kidney,” and “293” refers to the 293rd experiment conducted by the scientist who produced the cell line. The embryonic kidney cells were originally obtained from the remains of a deceased unborn child following what appears to be an elective abortion that took place in the Netherlands during the early 1970s. The exact circumstances of the abortion are not known, but the scientists producing the cell line were not directly involved and, crucially, the abortion was not performed for the sake of providing biological materials to researchers.
HEK293 cells are particularly susceptible to the introduction of foreign DNA, and they rapidly became a standard scientific workhorse, that is widely used by both basic scientists and by industry. Although there are currently many modified versions of HEK293s that optimize these cells for specific purposes, all of the HEK293 cells available around the world today were derived from the remains of a single unborn child that was aborted a half a century ago. Importantly, there is no ongoing use of aborted tissue to generate HEK293 cells, to modify these cells, or to maintain them in the laboratory. Thus, the use of HEK293 (and similar immortalized lines) does not create future incentives for more abortions.
How widely used are HEK293 cells? They are commonly used for testing processed foods produced by companies such as Kraft, Nestlé, Cadbury and others. Indeed, the great majority of processed/packaged food products available for sale in the United States are likely to contain ingredients produced or tested in HEK293 cells.
They are also used as an alternative to animal testing in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry. And their use in biomedical research is ubiquitous and has contributed to an enormous number of new medications and medical procedures developed over the last several decades. It thus seems fair to say that in addition to the use of HEK293 cells by the scientific community, nearly every person in the modern world has consumed food products, taken medications or used cosmetics/personal care products that were developed through the use of HEK293 cells in the food, biomedical and cosmetic industries.
The various vaccines have made different uses of the HEK293 cell line, with Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca using them for manufacture, Pfizer and Moderna for testing only. But these differences are irrelevant to the following questions:
- Do any of the vaccines make more use than others of the mortal remains of unborn children from whom the cell lines were derived? The answer is no; as a matter of scientific fact, no fetal “body parts” are present in these immortal cell lines. The immortal cell lines are artifacts—biological products that have been modified and reproduced many times over, and they do not retain the natural function of the tissue from which they were derived. They are not “body parts” in any meaningful or morally relevant sense.
- Does the production and use of any of the vaccines contribute to, cooperate with, or promote any abortion? Again, the answer is no, for the abortions from which cell lines such as HEK293 were derived happened decades ago, and no further fetal tissue is used or needed for the maintenance of these lines.
Common to all pro-life witness is recognition that the apparent elective abortion that led to the derivation of the HEK293 cell line was morally impermissible and involved the unjust taking of a human life. But to repeat, the HEK293 cell line currently used around the globe in scientific research and those like it do not contain the remains of any human being and so its use does not show disrespect for human remains, any more than the contemporary use of products, such as roads or train lines, that were constructed by unjustly enslaved human beings, or use of land unjustly taken, shows disrespect for those victims in the distant past.
As a descriptive matter, some pro-life advocates may prefer to use one vaccine rather than another in order to witness against the evil of abortion, or to signal special respect for the unborn babies whose lives were lost. Again, we agree with Bishop Rhoades that such a choice is a matter for their conscience. But we think it a mistake to say both that these vaccines are morally permissible to use and yet that some ought to be preferred to others. There appears to us to be no real distinction between the vaccines in terms of their connection to an abortion many decades ago, and thus the moral starting point is one of equivalence.
Moreover, there might be good reasons for some persons to prefer or to promote the vaccines, such as Johnson & Johnson, that use HEK293 (and PER.C6) for manufacture rather than testing, namely, that the J&J vaccine requires only one dose, does not require storage at extremely low temperature, and thus may be more useful in reaching remote or otherwise underserved populations. Those who have special reasons to take the J&J vaccine should not, we believe, be led to think that they are choosing something that in other ways is more morally tainted than the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines.
Persons with access to these vaccines have strong moral reasons to take them: in doing so, they build up the herd immunity that will provide the greatest possible protection for the most vulnerable among us, including the elderly, those with pre-existing conditions, some minority populations, and the many other seemingly random victims of severe COVD-19. To be perfectly clear, we are not saying that people are justified in using and promoting these vaccines because the great goods they provide offset the evil of appropriating a prior wicked action. Rather, we believe that there is no such impermissible cooperation or appropriation here. The attenuated and remote connection to abortions performed decades ago and the absence of any incentive for future abortions offer little if any moral reasons against accepting this welcome advance of science.
Ryan T. Anderson, Ph.D., President of the Ethics and Public Policy Center
Father Nicanor Pier Giorgio Austriaco, O.P., Ph.D., S.T.D., Professor of Biology and of Theology, Providence College
Maureen Condic, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Neurobiology, University of Utah
Father Kevin Flannery, S.J., Ph.D, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, Pontifical Gregorian University
Robert P. George, J.D., D.Phil, D.C.L., D.Litt., McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence, Princeton University
O. Carter Snead, J.D., Professor of Law and Director of the de Nicola Center for Ethics and Culture, University of Notre Dame
Christopher Tollefsen, Ph.D., Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, University of South Carolina
Father Thomas Joseph White, O.P., D.Phil., Professor of Systematic Theology, Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas – Angelicum
Affiliations provided for identification purposes only.
 We believe that the same analysis applies to the use of the immortalized cell line “PER.C6”, used in the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, derived thirty-one years ago using the remains of an unborn baby following an elective abortion obtained for reasons entirely disconnected to the creation of the line.
Scripture Reflection For This Weekend
Written by Colleen Kelly
Jesus’s righteous anger in the temple strikes such a chord. In other Biblical passages, Jesus displayed human emotion: sorrow, disappointment, compassion, love—all the “good” or “polite” emotions. But it’s comforting to conjure up an image of Jesus turning over tables, dumping money boxes on the ground, making a whip! Wow. That type of anger we can relate to. John describes this incident not as a parable, but as an actual accounting of Jesus’s actions. No one is hurt, however. There is no physical violence to anyone’s body. And it’s notable that the infraction that most infuriated Jesus (as far as the Gospel recounts) is not betrayal, not adultery, not bearing false witness or coveting others’ possessions. It was the buying and selling taking place in God’s temple, making the sacred profane.
Who confronts the moneychangers of our time—those who set up shop in our sacred places? Dorothy Day condemned “our acceptance of this filthy, rotten system.” The hibakusha (Japanese atomic bomb survivors) travel the world warning of nuclear weapons. The nascent Occupy Wall Street movement highlights the gross inequality in the United States. Survivors of sexual abuse and their families have organized to remove the profane from our churches.
There is a certain moral righteousness to anger directed squarely at the profane. The ability to act on this anger, nonviolently, can be a sacred duty.